Shinsawbu, Queen

   (r. 1453-1472)
   Burmese name for a Mon Queen of the Wareru Dynasty, called Bannya Thaw in the Mon Language. A daughter of Razadarit, she is renowned as a wise ruler and a devout Buddhist. Shinsawbu was married to the Burman king of Ava (Inwa) but fled to Hanthawaddy (modern-day Pegu [Bago]) in 1430, accompanied by two members of the Sangha who were her teachers, one of whom was Dhammazedi. Religiously inclined, she donated her weight in gold to gilding the stupa of the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, raised its height, and carried out extensive renovations of the pagoda grounds. After retiring from public life, she resided at Dagon, within sight of the pagoda. Her son-in-law, the former monk Dhammazedi (r. 1472-1492), succeeded her in 1472. Together, they are two of the most illustrious Mon monarchs, and she was the only woman to have ruled a major Burmese state.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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